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The 10. Reserve division spent most of the war on the Verdun front participating in most of the famous actions during 1916-17. The Division was also sent to the Aisne to fight in the Nivelle offensive in March-April 1917 (see HERE). Returning to Verdun it took part in heavy fighting on the left bank (see HERE) before movng to the North of Rheims where it prepared for its role as a spearheading division in the "Große Schlacht in Frankreich".

The 37. Füsilier Regiment, 37. Reserve Infanterie Regiment and 155. Infanterie Regiment were the core of the divisional infantry although a couple of other regiments were part of the division’s order of battle in 1914-15.


The allies rated the Division as follows:

1917

"The Division is considered as a "big attack" division. In April, 1917, in the region of Berry au Bac it executed a well-conducted attack on Sapigneul. The offensive value of the division showed itself again during the attacks of June 28-29 of 1917 at Hill 304.
There is no lack of volunteers for dangerous missions, and the motto of the division is said to be: "Get after the enemy and beat them wherever you find them". The commanding general of the division and the colonel commanding the 155th consider that their men are able to endure hard battles."

1918

The 1918 Allied report simply says
"The division was rated as a first class division. It fought hard in most of the offensives of the year, and when on the defensive put up a hard, steady fight for two months without relief."

The core of the division was the 37. Füsilier Regiment, the 37. Reserve Infanterie Regiment and the 155. Infanterie Regiment. In the early stages of the war the 46. and 98. Reserve Infanterie Regiments spent periods in the Division. The main artillery unit was the 10. Reserve Feldartillerie Regiment.

Please click on the underlined battles below to see articles about the units in action.

Above: Shoulder boards for a Lt. in I.R. 155

1914

22-27.8 Battle at Longwy-Longuyon and in the Othain Sector

28.8.1914-20.2.1916 Positional warfare at Verdun (including...)

1.9 Damvillers

6.-12.9 Battle by Vaubecourt-Fleury (parts of the div.)

6.-10.10 Fight at Etain

29.10 Fight at Gercourt

1916

21.2.-13.4. Battle of Verdun (including...)

24.2. Storming of Ornes

25.2. Storming Bezonvaux

26.2. Storming the strong points of Bezonvaux and Hardaumont

6.3 Crossing the Meuse at Regneville

7.-11.3 Fighting the village and around Fort Vaux

15.6.-22.9. Positional warfare in the Champagne

3.-14.10. On the Somme

22.10.16-7.2.17 Positional warfare at Verdun (including...)

2.12. Fighting on Höhe 304

28.12. Fighting on the "Toten Mann"

1917

25.-28.1. Fighting on Höhe 304

1.-14.3. Fighting on the Aisne

15.3.-5.4. Positional warfare on the Aisne

4.4. Fight at Sapigneul le Godat

6.-16.4. Battle on the Aisne (Write-up)

24.4.-22.7. Positional warfare at Verdun

28.6.-3.7. Storming the enemy positions from Avocourt Forest to Höhe 304 (Write-up)

17.-18.7. Fighting on the Haucourt-Esnes road

22.7.-7.8. O.H.L. Reserve at Sedan

8.8.-3.11. Positional warfare at Rheims

3.11.-17.12. Training

18.12.17-24.2.1918 Positional warfare at Reims

1918

24.2.-20.3. Training

21.3.-6.4. Great Battle of France

21.-22.3. Breakthrough by St Quentin - La Fere

23.-24.3. Fighting and crossing the Somme and Crozat canal between St. Christ and Tergnier

25.-31.3. Advance to Montdidier-Noyon (write up)

27.5.-13.6. Battle of Soissons and Rheims

27.5. Assault on the Chemin des Dames

28.5.-1.6. Advance between Oise and Aisne, crossing the Vesle up to the Marne

30.5.-16.6. Attacks to the West and Southwest of Soissons

14.-19.6. Positional warfare between the Oise, Aisne and Marne

15.-17.7. Offensive in the Champagne

18.- 25.7 Defensive battle between Soissons Reims

26.7.-3.8. Mobile defensive battle between Marne and Vesle

25.8.-3.9. Positional warfare on the Vesle

3.9.-9.10. Fighting on the Siegfried Front

10.-12. Fighting in front of the Hunding and Brunhilde lines

13.10-1.11. Fighting in the Hunding line

5.-11.11. Retreat at the Antwerp-Maas lines

12.11.18-10.1.1919 Return to Germany.

 
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