The new year saw the last shots of the Romanian campaign, but as the fighting died down on the front the cannons were roaring in the northernmost sector of the Eastern Front as the Tsars men fought their last battles on the Aa before the revolution broke out in March 1917. The revolution was', however, not to be the end of the fighting on the Eastern Front. In the Summer of 1917 Kerenski mobilised his revolutionary soldiers and they attacked in Galicia in an effort to force a "Peace without defeat". The German front held but the Russians were able to achieves victories against the Austro-Hungarian forces before the German troops gave them a sound thrashing at Tarnopol. The fighting spirit of the Red Army died down and they abandoned East Galicia and Bukowina to the central powers. Russian efforts to relieve the pressure on this front by attacking at Brezezany and on the Sereth ran into a solid German defence. The Germans advanced over the Putna and Susita. In the North the Germans advanced, taking Riga and Jakobstadt and then the Baltic islands. The spirit of the Russians was assumed to be broken. The fighting on the Eastern Front was over.
On the Western Front defensive fighting was the order of the day for the German armies. With their withdrawal to the Siegfriedstellung in Spring of 1917 the Germans had disrupted the jump off plans for one of the three looming major offensives, but the other two would hit the German defensive lines all the harder for it. Nivelle's Soldiers "drowned in streams of their own blood" when the offensives on the Aisne and in the Champagne ran into the new German defensive lines. The French soldiers revolted but Petain managed to get his house back in order before the Germans could use the revolt to their advantage.
The French did, however, succeed in pushing the Germans back in the Verdun area and in taking the famous Laffaux Corner.
More dangerous for the German defenders was the offensive at Arras which managed to take Vimy Ridge but then bogged down. It was not here that the British concentrated their main efforts, but in Flanders, starting at the Wytschaete-Bogen. Even with immense amounts of artillery and men in thirteen barrage assaults (Trommelfeuerschlachten) the defenders held strong with their new defensive fighting methods and the assaults came to a stop in a sea of mud and swamp. The tank assault at Cambrai saw gains by the newly introduced weapon, but when the shock had worn off the Germans managed to take back the ground they had lost.
In spite of all the demands on the Western front the Germans managed to send troops to Italy where with their allies they took part in the 13th Isonzo battle where the breakthrough in the Julischen Alps managed to destroy the Italian troops on that front. The German and Austrian troops pursued the Italian troops and would probably have managed to destroy Victor Emmanuel's Army if they had not been able to shelter behind the flooded Tagliamento.
In the middle east the Turks lost the second battle at Gaza and had to give up Jerusalem after losing Mecca and Baghdad. The balance was set to change in the following year as America entered the war.